Do we need certificate of need?
In the 1970s, the federal government mandated that most medical service providers, including hospitals, doctor’s offices, long term care facilities and others obtain a certificate of need in order to operate.
In the 1980s, the feds removed the requirement and many states eliminated their certificate of need laws, but North Carolina actually tightened requirements and is one of the most restrictive states in the country. The CON requirement that was once designed to prevent hospitals from over-building and over-spending on expensive equipment now appears to be an impediment to competition and unnecessary protection for existing hospitals.
That might be changing. House Bill 177 would allow single specialty ambulatory surgery centers to perform procedures like tonsillectomies, cataract surgeries, orthopedic surgeries and other procedures outside a hospital. It is modeled after a 2005 bill that made it easier for colonoscopies and endoscopies to be performed in the offices of gastroenterologists. This 2005 legislation is cited with saving more than 200 million dollars by reducing hospital overhead and is widely praised by doctors, patients and insurance companies. Sponsors of HB 177 predict similar results.
About the only opposition to this legislation comes from the hospitals themselves, who worry that new competition would cherry-pick more profitable services, greatly reducing their revenues. This problem would be especially critical in rural communities with smaller hospitals, they say. Bill sponsors have put provisions into their legislation to protect these smaller hospitals. But should we be in the business of protecting hospitals profits?
Lawmakers are also to be applauded for taking a look at the whole issue of certificate of need. A House committee committee has approved several recommendations that would expedite or eliminate the CON review process, opening competition. One proposal would increase the limit on capital expenditures from 2 to 4 million dollars before the certificate of need review is necessary. For major equipment purchases the threshold would be raised to 1.5 million dollars and replacement equipment would be exempted altogether. To ensure that larger, more established providers don’t drag out competitive applications the committee recommended that a bond be posted for those who appeal a decision.
Caution should be the watchword and we should try to ensure we do no harm, but there is evidence it is time we greatly modify or eliminate our certificate of need process. The health and safety of our citizens must not be jeopardized. Neither should we put our hospitals in unnecessary jeopardy or unduly disadvantage them; they provide a valuable service. But that doesn’t justify allowing protectionist practices to prevent competition just so they can generate high-dollar fees. New technologies and improved procedures have been developed that are safer, less invasive and less expensive, eliminating the need for an expensive hospital stay in many instances and the benefits should accrue to the patients, not the providers.
We constantly hear that our health care system is unsustainable and that we cannot continue to spend almost 18 percent of our gross domestic product on health care. We must find ways to take costs out of the system while protecting patients. Same-day outpatient surgery centers and revised certificate of need reviews would appear to be steps in the right direction.
Tom Campbell is former assistant North Carolina State Treasurer and is creator/host of NC SPIN, a weekly statewide television discussion of NC issues airing Sundays at 5 a.m. Contact him at www.ncspin.com.